|Capital city: Addis Ababa|
|Area: 1100756 square km|
|National day: 28th May (defeat of
the Mengistu regime) 1991|
|Independence: Ethiopia gained
independence in early times|
|Population: 64 million as of 2000|
|Leader: Negaso Gidada, non-executive
president since 1995. Meles Zenawi|
|Language: Amharic (official), Afar,
Oromo, Sidamo, Somali, Tigrinya, English|
Ethiopia - Fact.
Ethiopian nomadic mountain peoples of the
Galla tribe. first coffee producers in the world.
Coffee beans was
collected from trees in the region, grounded and mixed them with animal
fat, the mixture was carried as rations on trips. Other indigenous
tribes of Ethiopia ate the coffee beans as a porridge
or drank it as a wine.
in the 13th century, coffee's restorative powers were well known to
Islam. Coffee was considered a potent medicine, as well as a religious
potion that helped keep people awake during prayers. Pilgrims of Islam
spread the coffee throughout the Middle East and by the end of the 15th
century, coffeehouses had replaced mosques as favored meeting places.
traders introduced the qahwah seeds from two well known coffee regions
namely Kaffa and Buno, Ethiopia began the first true cultivation of the
plants in the Arabian Peninsula at least 200 years ago.
For many years
Ethiopians enjoyed the drink whilst entertaining visiting relatives or
neighbors from the region. Traditionally visitors would sip up to three
cups of the now world famous brew.
The main center of
Gahwah production was in the port city of Mocha, Yemen. Qahve (coffee)
imported from Yemen was a popular brew amongst the Turks who in turn
served the drink to visiting Italian merchants.
drink spread around the world, it was given more names. The Japanese
named it koohii, Malay kopi, Mayan kaape, Thai gafae, Tagalog
(Philippine) kape, Punjabi (India) kaafii, Hindi kofii, Hopi kaphe, and
Navajo gohwééh--all phonetic derivations from the Arabic qahwah.
The world believed
that coffee came from Arabia, as the Arabian name appears to have been
for the origin however, it originally came from the Kaffa district of