freedom charter was produced at Kliptown by black opposition movements,
and was a direct result of the harsh injustices to oppress Africans of
color in South Africa. It contained 10 clauses.
To the architects
of Apartheid, the fact that the majority of Africans were opposed to
their plans was of little or no importance The new existing made by the
authorities crushed resistance or defiance from opposition.
March 1960, Robert Subukwe, leader of the Pan African Congress (a
liberation movement or PAC), informed the commissioner of police that
his organization would embark on sustained but disciplined non violent
campaigns for 5 days, starting on the 21st December.