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Apartheid and Bantu Education

The policy of Bantu (low level or gutter) education was aimed to direct black or non-white youth to the unskilled labor market, to ensure white control and prosperity. All of the above was carefully orchestrated and implemented in the name of "God" by the powers to be.

By controlling the media they convinced the white electorate that the cause was "just" and it would greatly benefit blacks in South Africa. Black political organizations reacted with anger at the new law. Thousands of parents vowed, they would rather have children roaming the streets, than to be subjected to Bantu Education.

The introduction of Bantu Education led to a huge reduction of government aid to the already ailing learning institutions of black Africans. The above law forced institutions under the direct control of the state. The National Party now had the power to employ and train teachers as they saw fit. Black teachers salaries in 1953 were extremely low and resulted in a dramatic drop of trainee teachers.

The ANC and other political parties suggested that private schools be set up, but the authorities were well prepared, and had a new law in place making it compulsory for all schools to be registered with the state. By 1956 the majority of black youth was forced into Bantu Education. In 1959 this type of education was extended to "non white" Universities and Colleges.

Bantu Builders Workers Act # 27 of 1951

Malan leader of the HNP let the matter lie for two years, but by October of 1950, Malan and the leader of AP Havenga reached an agreement. The agreement was based on which colored voters would be placed on a separate voters role and given the right to vote for four white MP's. (One senator and two members of the Provincial Council. The Separate Representation Bill was placed before Parliament in March 1951.

Any action against the colored voters would require that parliament obey provisions of the South Africa Act which had been set up by the Union during the early part of the century. The constitution require any change to its entrenched clauses be passed by a minimum two thirds majority in a joint sitting of both Houses of Parliament.