Art the Bronze casting process:
the artist moulds his work in wax, providing an outlet for the melted
metal in a kind of extension. The wax core is then covered with powdered
clay, when wet the substance clings tightly inside every intricate
depression. On top of this
first coating he adds another of rougher clay mixed with kapok floss.
When everything is heated, the melted wax drains off the mould.
smith then puts the metal in a crucible, which he adapts
to the neck of the mold, carefully sealing the two parts with clay. With
the crucible at the bottom, he puts everything over the flames of an
open fire, which he stokes. When the metal begins to melt, the mold is
turned over with a pair of pliers. The melted bronze runs into the
hollow form left by the wax. When the metal is cooled, the mold is
broken. The work is separated from its stem and the rough edges are
Tikar had a large population, sophistication in war, government,
industry and the arts, the old Tikar dynasties dominated Central and
West Africa for at least three centuries before their decline in the
nineteenth century. We estimate that there were more than one million
Tikar people. Today there are less than 100000 in the French-speaking
zone and 300000 in the English-speaking zone (Banso). They obviously met
the criteria for “good slaves.” They were attractive, learned
quickly and had a tradition of slavery with-in their own society.
the Tikar people attempted to abandon their traditional grassy savannahs
and the plains where they were easy slave trade targets with no natural
protection, they were forced to leave their villages, with slave traders
on the one side and four hostile tribes on the other side, seeking
of the strategies they applied to fight off the enemy was to dig moats
around villages; these still exist in at least five kingdoms. However
this strategy failed and the survivors found refuge in the forest.
slave trade during this drained their brightest and most physically fit
young people. Having been weakened by war and the slave trade, they
became vulnerable to neighboring tribes who had been subjected by the
Tikar for several centuries.
much more could be known about the Tikar very little scholarship has
been invested to recount their history. Their ceramic techniques,
architecture and iron smelting kilns were very advanced.